Some of the findings of my research on direct democracy are:
Citizens high in political sophistication and those using referential heuristics are more likely to "vote correctly" (ref)
Voting decisions that are "consistent" with the voters' issue opinions are more likely for sophisticated citizens and when the election campaign is intense (ref)
In referendum campaigns, parties are more likely to go negative when they face unfavourable competitive standings and voting day is near (ref)
Voter ambivalence is driven by a combination of individual and contextual factors (ref)
In referendums, negativity from the "Yes" camp mobilises (higher turnout), whereas negativity form the "No" camp demobilises (ref)
The Swiss Far-right party SVP is substantially more likely to go negative on its opponents than other parties (ref)
Swiss citizens high in trust in government are more likely to support bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the EU (ref)
Nai, A., & Martinez i Coma, F. (2019). Losing in the polls, time pressure, and the decision to go negative in referendum campaigns. Politics & Governance, 7(2), 278–296.
Nai, A. and Sciarini, P. (2018). Why 'going negative'? Strategic and situational determinants of personal attacks in Swiss direct democratic votes. Journal of Political Marketing, 17(4), 382-417.
Nai, A. (Ed.) (2016). Le citoyen face à ses opinions: arguments, connaissances et campagnes politiques en Suisse, Zurich: Seismo.
Nai, A. (2015). The maze and the mirror: Voting correctly in direct democracy. Social Science Quarterly, 96(2): 465-486.
Sciarini, P., Lanz, S. and Nai, A. (2015). Till immigration do us part? Public opinion and the dilemma between immigration control and bilateral agreements. Swiss Political Science Review, 21(2): 271–286.
Lanz, S. and Nai, A. (2015). Vote as you think: Determinants of consistent decision-making in direct democracy. Swiss Political Science Review, 21(1): 119-139.
Nai, A. (2014). The Cadillac, the mother-in-law, and the ballot: individual and contextual roots of ambivalence in Swiss direct democracy. Electoral Studies, 33: 292-306.
Nai, A. (2013). What really matters is which camp goes dirty. Differential effects of negative campaigning on turnout during Swiss federal ballots. European Journal of Political Research, 52(1): 44-70.
Nai, A. et Lloren, A. (2009). Intérêt spécifique et comportement politique des citoyennes suisses (1999-2005). Swiss Political Science Review, 15(1): 99-132.